Berita terkini di lahad datu sabah 4 mac 2013

North Borneo then entered Malaysia as an autonomous state with autonomous laws in immigration control and Native Customary Rights NCR , and the territory name was changed to "Sabah". However, under the administration of the United Sabah National Organisation USNO led by Mustapha Harun, this autonomy has been gradually eroded with federal government influence and hegemony with a popular belief amongst Sabahans that both USNO and UMNO have been working together in permitting illegal immigrants from the southern Philippines and Indonesia to stay in the state and become citizens to vote for Muslim parties.

Until the Malaysian general election , Sabah along with the states of Kelantan and Terengganu , were the only three states in Malaysia that had ever been ruled by opposition parties not part of the ruling BN coalition. In the state election, despite PBS winning the elections, subsequent cross-overs of PBS assembly members to the BN component party resulted in BN having majority of seats and hence took over the helm of the state government. However, in practice this system was problematic as it is too short for any leader to carry out long term plans.

This complicated Federal-State relationship has become a source of major contention in Sabah politics. On 9 May , this coalition and the Barisan Nasional ended in a tie. Sabah consists of five administrative divisions, which are in turn divided into 26 districts. For each district, the state government appoints a village headman known as ketua kampung for each village. The administrative divisions are inherited from the British administration, which are before administered as province. As in the rest of Malaysia, local government comes under the purview of state government. However, ever since the suspension of local government elections in the midst of the Malayan Emergency , which was much less intense in Sabah than it was in the rest of the country, there have been no local elections.

Local authorities have their officials appointed by the executive council of the state government. The Ninth Schedule of the Constitution of Malaysia states that the Malaysian federal government is solely responsible for foreign policy and military forces in the country.

Jangan pandang rendah kepada ' tentera Sulu' mereka juga telah menggunakan " tentera siber "......

Sabah has seen several territorial disputes with Malaysia's neighbours Indonesia and the Philippines. In , both Malaysia and Indonesia submitted to arbitration by the ICJ on a territorial dispute over the Ligitan and Sipadan islands which were later won by Malaysia. The Philippines has a territorial claim over much of the eastern part of Sabah. Further attempts by several Filipino politicians such as Ferdinand Marcos to "destabilise" Sabah proved to be futile and led to the Jabidah massacre in Corregidor Island , Philippines.

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The total land area of Sabah is nearly km2 [5] surrounded by the South China Sea in the west, Sulu Sea in the northeast and Celebes Sea in the southeast. The main mountain range s is the Crocker Range with several mountains varying height from about 1, metres to 4, metres. These mountains and hills are traversed by an extensive network of river valleys and are in most cases covered with dense rainforest. There are lower ranges of hills extending towards the western coasts, southern plains, and the interior or central part of Sabah.

The central and eastern portion of Sabah are generally lower mountain ranges and plains with occasional hills.

~ CERITERA NSIMIAKKL ~: March

In the east coast located the Kinabatangan River, which is the second longest river in Malaysia after Rajang River in Sarawak with a length of kilometres. The land of Sabah is located in a tropical geography with equatorial climate.

It experiences two monsoon seasons of northeast and southwest. The northeast monsoon occurs from November to March with heavy rains, while the southwest monsoon prevails from May to September with less rainfall. The average daily temperature varies from 27C to 34C, with a considerable amount of rain from 1, millimetres to 4, millimetres. The jungles of Sabah host a diverse array of plant and animal species. Most of Sabah's biodiversity is located in the forest reserve areas, which formed half of its total landmass of 7. Most of the park area are covered in dense forest and important as a water catchment area with its headwater connecting to five major rivers in the west coast area.

Tiga Island is formed through the eruption of mud volcano in The island is now part of the Tiga Island National Park together with Kalampunian Besar and Kalampunian Damit islands as a tourist attractions, [] with a mud bath tourism. These islands are believed to once connected to the Crocker Range but separated when sea levels rose since the last ice age.

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It covers the three major islands of Banggi , Balambangan and Malawali. Bodgaya is gazetted as a forest reserve, while Boheydulang as a bird sanctuary. The Tawau Hills National Park established as a natural water catchment area. The park contains rugged volcanic landscapes including a hot spring and spectacular waterfalls. Bordering the Philippine Turtle Islands is the Turtle Islands National Park , it consists of three islands of Selingaan, Bakkungan Kechil and Gulisaan which is notable as the nesting place for green turtle and hawksbill sea turtle.

These places are either designated as national parks, wildlife reserves, virgin jungle reserves, or protection forest reserve. The Sabah state government has enacted several laws to protect its forests and endangered wildlife species under the Animals Ordinance , [] Forest Enactment [] and the Wildlife Conservation Enactment [] among others.

Since the post-World War II timber boom driven by the need of raw materials from industrial countries , Sabah forests have been gradually eroded by uncontrolled timber exploitation and the conversion of Sabah forest lands into palm oil plantations. The state government were determined to maintain the state biodiversity while to make sure the state economy continue to alive.

The water in Liwagu River also reported the presence of heavy metal which was believed to be originated from the Mamut Copper Mine. Rampant fish bombing have destroyed many coral reefs and affecting fisheries production in the state. Sabah's economy is mainly based on primary sector such as agriculture, forestry and petroleum.

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With its richness in biodiversity, the state is offering ecotourism. Although in recent years the tourism industry has been affected by attacks and kidnapping of tourists by militant groups based in the southern Philippines, it remained stable with the increase of security in eastern Sabah and the Sulu Sea. This was however replaced by petroleum in the s after the discovery of oil in the area of west coast Sabah. Following the world financial crisis in , Sabah GDP recorded 4.

From to , the state experienced a slower growth due to weaker performance on the oil and gas sector. Based on survey, Sabah GDP recorded a 5. Machinery and transportation equipment accounted for most of the imported products followed by fuel, mineral lubricants and others. While Sabah mostly exports raw petroleum and palm oil. Sabah is also one of the producer of seaweed , with most of the farms are located in the seas around Semporna.

To eliminate water pollution and improve a better hygiene, the Sabah state government are working to relocate them into a better housing settlement. Sabah's public infrastructure are still lagged behind mostly due to its geographical challenges as the second largest state in Malaysia. Electricity distribution in the state as well in the Federal Territory of Labuan are operated and managed by the Sabah Electricity Sdn.

Sabah electrics are mostly generated from diesel power plant , hydropower and combined cycle power plants. The only main hydroelectric plant is the Tenom Pangi Dam. In , the federal government has announced that Sabah electrical grid will be upgraded to reduce power interruption. All pipes water supply in the state was managed by the Sabah State Water Department, an agency under the control of Sabah Ministry of Infrastructure Development.

Operating with 73 water treatments plants, an average of 1. All operations under Telecommunications Department Malaysia was then transferred to Syarikat Telekom Malaysia Berhad STM which become a public listed company in with the federal government retained a majority shareholding. In , the state has the lowest Direct Exchange Line DEL penetration rate, with cellular and internet dial-up penetrations rate only 6.

http://commonbondmarket.com/1658.php The previous state internet traffic are routed through a hub in Malaysia's capital of Kuala Lumpur, passing through a submarine cable connecting the Peninsular with Kota Kinabalu. The systems are considered as costly and inefficient especially due to the price of leasing bandwidth with the large distance. In , there is a plan to establish Sabah own internet hub but the plan was unreachable due to the high cost and low usage rates in the state.

Other alternative plan including using the Brunei internet gateway in a short term before establishing Sabah own gateway.

By , the federal government has start to establish the first internet gateway for East Malaysia with the laying of 60 terabyte submarine cable which are developed by a private company named Xiddig Cellular Communications Sdn. The Malaysian federal government previously planning to launch a state television known as TV Sabah by which the plan was only replaced by TVi [] rebranded as TV Okey.


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